The analysis of the use of heating equipment in homes and buildings worldwide is of utmost importance today, since the demand for energy for use in heating continues to be a growing concern for the governments of most countries located in regions of the planet with extremely cold climates during the winter season. Indoor space heating has evolved over time, from ancient fireplaces to modern central heating systems. However, today users look for equipment with the highest efficiency and lowest degree of pollution, due to the impact they have on energy consumption and the emission of greenhouse gases. Due to this reality, most countries have been promoting the use of more efficient and environmentally friendly equipment, such as heat pumps, condensing boilers or solar thermal systems. IMPORTANCE OF HEATING EQUIPMENT IN REGIONS WITH VERY LOW TEMPERATURES In regions with very low temperatures, for several months of each year, the importance of heating devices cannot be underestimated. These devices not only provide comfort and well-being to the inhabitants, but are also essential for general health and well-being. Low temperatures can cause adverse health effects, especially in children, the elderly and people with chronic diseases. Heating devices help maintain an adequate temperature inside homes, thus preventing people from suffering from hypothermia or respiratory problems related to the cold. In addition, they also contribute to the preservation of food and the prevention of damage to homes, such as freezing of pipes or condensation on walls. In terms of energy efficiency, it is imperative to use modern and well-maintained heating devices, which allow maintaining a comfortable temperature efficiently and safely. The choice of energy source is also important, since today there are energy supply and storage options for homes and buildings, which provide them with energy independence and autonomy, from renewable and economical sources; such as photovoltaic solar and batteries of different technologies. In summary, heating devices are essential in regions with very low temperatures, not only for the comfort they provide, but also for their positive impact on health, well-being and energy efficiency. COMPARISON OF QUANTITY AND TYPES OF HEATING EQUIPMENT IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES Through a comparative analysis of the quantity and types of heating equipment in various countries, it is possible to notice a marked variation depending on different factors, such as: The prevailing climate, housing infrastructure and the cultural preferences of the population. In countries with extremely cold winters, such as Canada or Russia, it is common to find a wide variety of heating systems, ranging from gas radiators and wood stoves, to centralized heating systems. On the other hand, in countries with more temperate climates, such as Spain or Italy, it is common to find more efficient and sustainable heating systems, such as solar energy or geothermal energy; which has encouraged the development of more innovative and environmentally friendly technologies. In summary, the comparison of the quantity and types of heating equipment in different countries reveals the importance of considering the particularities of each region when choosing the most appropriate heating system. INFLUENCE OF CULTURAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL FACTORS ON THE CHOICE OF HEATING EQUIPMENT The influence of cultural and geographical factors on the choice of heating equipment is a factor of great importance in the study of the energy habits of modern societies. The culture of a certain place or region can influence the way people use heating in their homes. For example, in countries with a tradition of building houses with heat-retaining materials, it is common to see less use of artificial heating. Geographic location also plays a fundamental role in the choice of heating equipment. In regions where temperatures are more extreme, it is very likely that the use of heating will be more frequent or essential. While, in areas with more temperate climates, it is possible for people to do without heating almost completely. Finally, there are economic and technological factors, which also influence the use of heating; Since the availability of economic resources determines what people will be able to afford to keep their homes warm during the cold months. EFFICIENCY AS A MEASURE TO REDUCE ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN HEATING EQUIPMENT Energy efficiency in the field of heating is presented as a fundamental strategy to reduce energy consumption in homes and, consequently, reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with heat generation. Therefore, it is urgent to impose measures aimed at requiring optimal performance of heating systems, as a key factor to achieve efficient use of the energy resources available in each country. Among the main energy efficiency strategies that can be applied to reduce energy consumption for heating, the selection and maintenance of heating equipment stands out. Opting for high-efficiency heating systems, such as condensing boilers or heat pumps, and ensuring their correct operation through periodic checks, allows optimal use of the energy used for heat generation. Another important factor is the adequate thermal insulation of living spaces; both on ceilings, walls and floors, as well as on windows and doors. In this way, heat losses are reduced and the need to increase the thermal power of heating systems is minimized. SUMMARY In conclusion, we can affirm that in various countries around the world, the use of heating equipment in homes and buildings is a prevailing need to guarantee the comfort and well-being of its inhabitants, especially in times of low temperatures. The implementation of efficient and sustainable heating systems has become a priority on the agenda of many nations, with the aim of reducing energy consumption and minimizing environmental impact. It is essential that measures continue to be promoted that encourage the responsible use of heating, as well as investment in more environmentally friendly technologies, in order to guarantee a more sustainable future for future generations.